Pennsylvania Should Hit the Brakes as the Supreme Court Stays EPA’s Clean Power Plan

On February 9, in an unprecedented and historic move, the Supreme Court of the United States stayed the keystone to President Obama’s climate legacy, the Clean Power Plan.

The stay on the Clean Power Plan is in effect until legal challenges have been determined and halts the timeline on state plan submissions. Oral arguments before the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals begin June 2 and include lawsuits filed from 27 of the 47 states that are subject to the regulation, 24 national trade associations, 27 rural electric cooperatives, 10 major companies and three labor unions.

This was not the first or second legal slap on this agency’s wrist. The EPA has recently been the recipient of a number of unfavorable legal decisions; including a June 2015 decision by the U.S. Supreme Court that remanded the Mercury and Air Toxics Standards (MATS) rule back to the D.C. Courts citing EPA’s lack of consideration for the costs to utilities and consumers, and an October 2015 decision by the Sixth Circuit of the U.S. Court of Appeals mandating a stay of the EPA’s Clean Water Rule (WOTUS) pending conclusive determination of the legality of the rule.

These regulations have become less about setting achievable industry goals and more about forcing federal oversight into areas which state primacy has previously presided. Irreparable harm during the plan development phase must be proven for a stay to be levied. The stay is intended to alleviate the obligation for states to develop compliance plans, thereby avoiding the associated development costs and economic impacts given the Clean Power Plan’s significant legal uncertainty.

The stay was a vital win as it took lawsuits against the Mercury Air Toxics Standard three years to wind through the courts before the regulation was finally remanded. Unfortunately, the ruling came too late and the regulation had forced offline 20 percent of Pennsylvania’s coal customer base and shuttered several hundred jobs in the power plant sector alone.

The Supreme Court’s stay on the Furthermore, given Pennsylvania’s current fiscal status, there are serious concerns regarding the resources that will be wasted attempting to develop a compliance plan, at the expense of the taxpayers, for a rule that may significantly be altered or thrown out entirely by the Federal Courts.During PA DEP’s open comment period and 14 statewide listening sessions, companies responsible for 73 percent of Pennsylvania’s electric generation publicly asked DEP to consider the costs and take advantage of the full three years in developing a state compliance plan.

Pennsylvania ranks first and second nationally in energy production and exports. Despite the industry’s importance to the Commonwealth for sales revenue, jobs and the economy, the Wolf Administration has rushed to be first on this issue, maintaining that they would forgo the available two-year extension on submitting a compliance plan and now allocating resources and man hours to develop a plan for a regulation that, by Supreme Court ruling, cannot be complied with.

Pennsylvania’s energy landscape will continue to develop and evolve, but for now, decisions should appropriately be left to the Commonwealth’s state and local officials and not federal agencies using regulations to force policy decisions on the state level.

We urge the Wolf Administration to cease all processes for compliance plan development until the final legality of the Clean Power Plan is decided.

Watch John Pippy discuss this and other issues on Pennsylvania’s energy needs on Behind the Headlines beginning at 14:07.

Nothing contained here should be considered as an attempt to aid or hinder the passage of any legislation.

The views expressed here are those of the author and not necessarily those of The Susquehanna Valley Center.