Townships Demand Immediate Leadership from State to Address Volunteer Firefighter Crisis

The volunteer fire company is a long and cherished tradition in our commonwealth, dating back to 1736 when Ben Franklin founded the nation’s first all-volunteer force to fight blazes in Philadelphia.

For nearly three centuries, communities have relied on volunteer fire companies to protect property and save lives. Today, this volunteer model is in jeopardy.


Across the state, local fire companies are struggling. Volunteers are dwindling. Costs are soaring. Training requirements have intensified. With donations and volunteers harder to come by, the future of the local fire company, long intertwined in the fabric of a community, looks grim. Without real, viable solutions to address this volunteer shortage, many local stations may be forced to close their doors.


Pennsylvania is on the verge of a public safety crisis, and it’s time for our leaders in Harrisburg to stop talking about it and do something.


Recently, township officials from across the state passed a resolution at the 96th Annual Educational Conference of the Pennsylvania State Association of Township Supervisors demanding that Gov. Tom Wolf call a special legislative session immediately to address the volunteer crisis facing local fire and emergency management services. Rep. Steve Barrar, chair of the state Veterans Affairs and Emergency Preparedness Committee, has embraced this call for a special session.


While we applaud recent initiatives to tackle the crisis, including the bipartisan Senate Resolution 6 Commission, which has been tasked with studying issues affecting first responders, it is not enough. Consider that the deadline for the commission’s report has been extended until November 30, which coincides with the end of the legislative session, and we can quickly see that such efforts are too little, too late. Instead, we implore the legislature to act now, before General Election Day, and give this crisis the attention it deserves.


We’ve “talked the talk” for long enough; it’s time to “walk the walk.”


Consider these sobering facts:


  • Volunteers at fire companies across Pennsylvania have dropped from 300,000 strong in the 1960s and ’70s to below 50,000 today.
  • At least 75 percent of fire companies are struggling with manpower at a time when the state’s population is aging. The average age of a firefighter is 50-something, and people are busier today than they were decades ago.
  • Communities would have to raise taxes almost $10 billion a year to switch to a paid model for fire service, according to the office of the state fire commissioner. Who can afford that kind of property tax increase in their community?


Earlier this year, the governor declared the opioid abuse problem in Pennsylvania an emergency disaster. Programs and funding have been dedicated to ending this deadly epidemic. As local officials who are witnessing the lethal consequences of opioid addiction in our communities, the members of PSATS support this commitment.


However, we also believe we have been dealing with the volunteer fire and EMS crisis for far longer. It’s time that our hard-working fire companies and volunteers receive the same attention and recognition from Harrisburg.


Our call for action is not to distract from the current opioid crisis. In fact, it is related. First responders are on the front lines of the opioid battle every day. If we expect emergency personnel to respond to overdose calls, we can’t afford to lose any more foot soldiers in this war.


Whether it’s helping at the scene of an overdose or putting out a house fire, volunteer fire and emergency responders keep our communities safe. We must do everything in our power to keep this volunteer model alive, but we need help from our leaders in Harrisburg.


We ask the state legislature to immediately address this crisis by enacting real and feasible solutions, such as allowing variable training standards for rural, suburban, and urban areas; granting a tax incentive for employers who permit employees to respond to calls while at work; and providing a fix for out-of-control insurance rates at the State Workers Insurance Fund (SWIF).


If we don’t find real remedies soon, the day is not far away when someone calls 911 for help, and no fire company responds. We must make sure that never happens. Our volunteer fire companies are simply too important to lose.


The whistle is blowing. The alarm is ringing. We must answer the call, work together, and find a resolution to this crisis before “Pennsylvania burning” becomes a reality.

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About the author: Shirl Barnhart is the immediate past president of the Pennsylvania State Association of Township Supervisors, an organization that advocates for the commonwealth’s 1,454 townships of the second class, home to 5.4 million Pennsylvanians. Barnhart is a township supervisor in Morgan Township, Greene County, and has been a volunteer firefighter for more than 40 years. She is also a member of the SR 6 Commission.


The views expressed here are those of the author and not necessarily those of The Susquehanna Valley Center.


Nothing contained here should be considered as an attempt to aid or hinder the passage of any legislation before the General Assembly.